The ABcs of mitochondrial transcription

Two forms of a transcription factor, similar in sequence to an rRNA modifying enzyme, have been identified as the missing components of the transcription initiation machinery for human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Transcription from mtDNA promoters can now be reconstituted in vitro with three recombinant proteins: mitochondrial transcription factors A and B and the core mitochondrial RNA polymerase.

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Shoubridge, E. The ABcs of mitochondrial transcription. Nat Genet 31, 227–228 (2002) doi:10.1038/ng0702-227

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