Rearrangement of the PAX3 paired box gene in the paediatric solid tumour alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma

Abstract

We have determined that PAX3 (found previously to be mutated in Waardenburg syndrome) is the chromosome 2 locus rearranged by the t(2;13)(q35;q14) translocation of the paediatric solid tumour alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. The rearrangement breakpoints occur within an intron downstream of the paired box and homeodomain–encodingregions. Upstream PAX3 sequences hybridize to a novel transcript in t(2;13)–containing lines. Cloning and characterization of this novel transcript indicate that the translocation juxtaposes the PAX3 DNA binding elements with chromosome 13 sequences, suggesting formation of a hybrid transcription factor. Therefore, PAX3 gene alterations are associated with two completely unrelated human diseases.

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