We tested over 267,000 SNPs in 1,005 Northern Europeans and 248,000 in 1,006 Indian Asians for association with triglycerides and HDL cholesterol, with replication in 10,536 subjects. We found association of a nonsynonymous SNP (rs3812316, G771C, Gln241His) in MLXIPL with plasma triglyceride levels (combined P = 1.4 × 10−10). MLXIPL coordinates transcriptional regulation of enzymes that channel glycolytic end-products into lipogenesis and energy storage, making MLXIPL a plausible 'thrifty gene'.
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At Ealing Hospital and Imperial College we thank J. Wrigley, S. Trainor and the team of research nurses for their excellent subject characterization and for sample handling, and D. Kalaitzopoulos, X. Li and P. Thomason for assistance with data analysis. At Pfizer we thank L.S. Wood, M.E. Lira and A.R. Mank-Seymour for their help, and D.S. Lee for strategic input. At Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición, we thank O. Leyva, U. Alvirde, M.A. Melgarejo, L.E. Guillén, C. Moreno, C. Gonzalez, M.L. Velasco-Pérez and A. Velásquez for help with data collection, blood analysis and sample shipment. At Perlegen Sciences we thank L. Stuve, the laboratory group, R. Stokowski, the samples group, J. Sheehan, the data quality group, D. Ballinger, and the analysis and data pipeline group for excellent technical and infrastructural support and E. Beilharz for manuscript preparation. J.S.K., J.C.C., P.E. and J.S. were supported by the British Heart Foundation Grant SP/04/002.
D.C.C. and D.A.H. are employees of Perlegen Sciences, Inc., J.F.T. and C.L.H. of Pfizer Inc., and P.M.M. of Helicos BioSciences.
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