Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • News
  • Published:

Science in thrall to football

Economists, medics and inventors go mad for the world's favourite game.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. EdmansA., GarciaD.& NorliO. J. . Finance, (2005).

  2. ZerenB.& ©ztekinH. H. . Am. J. Sports Med., 33. 1273 - 1240 (2005).

Download references


Related links

Related links

Related links in Nature Research

World Cup special

Related external links


Journal of Finance

Norwegian Computing Center World Cup probabilities

American Journal of Sports Medicine

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hopkin, M. Science in thrall to football. Nature (2006).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing