Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • Comment
  • Published:

Reinventing the energy modelling–policy interface

Energy modelling has a crucial underpinning role for policy making, but the modelling–policy interface faces several limitations. A reinvention of this interface would better provide timely, targeted, tested, transparent and iterated insights from such complex multidisciplinary tools.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: Idealized energy modelling–policy interface with full iterative feedbacks.


  1. World Energy Outlook 2015 (International Energy Agency, 2015);

  2. Analysis of the Impacts of the Clean Power Plan (US Energy Information Administration, 2015);

  3. Climate Smart Planning Platform (World Bank, 2015);

  4. Mayer, I. et al. Int. J. Technol. Policy Manage. 4, 169–190 (2004).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Yücel, G. & van Daalen, E. J. Artif. Soc. Soc. Simulat. 12, 3–30 (2009).

    Google Scholar 

  6. Spruijt, P. et al. Environ. Sci. Policy 40, 16–25 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Stirling, A. Nature 468, 1029–1031 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Jebaraj, S. & Iniyan, S. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 10, 281–311 (2006).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Pilavachi, P. et al. Energy Policy 36, 1726–1735 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Mundaca, L. et al. Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 35, 305–344 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Pandey, R. Energy Policy 30, 97–106 (2002).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Borowski, I. & Hare, M. Water Resour. Manage. 21, 1049–1074 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Hyder, K. et al. Mar. Policy 61, 291–302 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Metcalf, C. et al. Epidemics 10, 93–96 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Dodds, P. et al. Environ. Model. Assess. 20, 83–102 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Technical Manual and Selected Applications of the PRIMES Model (National Technical University of Athens, 2015);

  17. IPCC Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change (eds Edenhofer, O. et al.) (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2014);

    Google Scholar 

  18. Global Trade Analysis Project (Purdue University, 2015);

  19. Edenhofer, O. et al. Energy J. 31, 11–49 (2010).

    Google Scholar 

  20. Socolow, R. Climatic Change 108, 775–790 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Strachan, N. Energy Policy 39, 1037–1040 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Upham, P. & Dendler, L. Environ. Sci. Policy 47, 137–147 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Taylor, P. et al. Energy Res. Soc. Sci. 4, 32–41 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Chiodi, A. et al. in Informing Energy and Climate Policies Using Energy Systems Models (eds Giannakidis, G. et al.) 15–41 (Springer, 2015).

    Google Scholar 

  25. Howells, M. et al. Energy Policy 39, 5850–5870 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. DeCarolis, J. et al. Energy Econ. 34, 1845–1853 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. The Aqua Book: Guidance on Producing Quality Analysis for Government (Her Majesty's Government, 2015);

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Neil Strachan.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Strachan, N., Fais, B. & Daly, H. Reinventing the energy modelling–policy interface. Nat Energy 1, 16012 (2016).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing