Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Perovskite solar cells: Different facets of performance

The electronic properties of halide perovskites vary significantly between crystalline grains, but the impact of this heterogeneity on solar cell performance is unclear. Now, this variability is shown to limit the photovoltaic properties of solar cells, and its origins are linked to differing properties between crystal facets.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: Schematic of nanoscale current and voltage mapping.
Figure 2: Heterogeneity in hybrid perovskites probed optically.


  1. 1

    Best Research-Cell Efficiencies (NREL, 2016);

  2. 2

    deQuilettes, D. W. et al. Nature Commun. 7, 11683 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Walsh, A., Scanlon, D. O., Chen, S., Gong, X. G. & Wei, S.-H. Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. 54, 1791–1794 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Johnston, M. B. & Herz, L. M. Acc. Chem. Res. 49, 146–154 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    de Quilettes, D. W. et al. Science 348, 683–686 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Draguta, S. et al. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7, 715–721 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Bischak, C. G., Sanehira, E. M., Precht, J. T., Luther, J. M. & Ginsberg, N. S. Nano Lett. 15, 4799–4807 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Leblebici, S. Y. et al. Nature Energy 1, 16093 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Pingree, L. S. C., Reid, O. G. & Ginger, D. S. Adv. Mater. 21, 19–28 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    de Pablo, P. J. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4992 (2000).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Ball, J. M. et al. Energy Environ. Sci. 8, 602–609 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    Chen, B. et al. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6, 4693–4700 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    O'Keeffe, J., Wei, C. & Cho, K. Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 676–678 (2002).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    Castro, E. V. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 216802 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to David S. Ginger.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Eperon, G., Ginger, D. Perovskite solar cells: Different facets of performance. Nat Energy 1, 16109 (2016).

Download citation

Further reading

  • Thermochromic halide perovskite solar cells

    • Jia Lin
    • , Minliang Lai
    • , Letian Dou
    • , Christopher S. Kley
    • , Hong Chen
    • , Fei Peng
    • , Junliang Sun
    • , Dylan Lu
    • , Steven A. Hawks
    • , Chenlu Xie
    • , Fan Cui
    • , A. Paul Alivisatos
    • , David T. Limmer
    •  & Peidong Yang

    Nature Materials (2018)


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing