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Incorporating fluorescence cystoscopy for the diagnosis of bladder cancer into clinical practice

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We thank Dr Herbert Stepp who had a great role in the development of the currently used fluorescence endoscopy technology.

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Correspondence to Alexander Karl.

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Competing interests

A Karl and D Zaak have acted as investigators on a study supported by Photocure, and have received honoraria from GE Medical and Photocure. D Zaak has also received honoraria from medac GmbH. CG Stief declared no competing interests.

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Karl, A., Zaak, D. & Stief, C. Incorporating fluorescence cystoscopy for the diagnosis of bladder cancer into clinical practice. Nat Rev Urol 5, 424–425 (2008).

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