Figure 1 : Representative examples using CO2 as C1 building block in organic synthesis.

From: Using carbon dioxide as a building block in organic synthesis

Figure 1

Along with the rapid development of organometallic chemistry and catalysis, various types of efficient CO2 transformations were have been discovered in the past decades. However, in general, the substrates’ scope and efficiency of these reactions are still limited due to the requirement of reactive agents for CO2 activation. As a result, only a few processes have been industrialized until now (marked by $).