Figure 1 : An experimentally created N. pulcher group caring for the dominant female‘s brood.

From: Kinship reduces alloparental care in cooperative cichlids where helpers pay-to-stay

Figure 1

(a) The dominant female cleans a clutch attached to the breeding cavity with gentle micronips, while the subordinate female is submissively touching the dominant female’s throat with the tail fin. (b) The subordinate female cleans the eggs laid by the dominant female, providing alloparental brood care. (Photos: M.Z.)