Figure 2: Goods and services costs associated with invasive insects. | Nature Communications

Figure 2: Goods and services costs associated with invasive insects.

From: Massive yet grossly underestimated global costs of invasive insects

Figure 2

Direct goods and services costs are categorized by major region (a,b), type (c,d) and by the 10 costliest insects (e,f). The first column includes all estimates regardless of reproducibility (a,c,e), whereas the second only includes costs for which estimates can be verified (‘reproducible’; b,d,f). All costs expressed as annual 2014 US dollars. Bracketed numbers in the x axis labels indicate the number of estimates per category.

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