Figure 4 : Instantaneous closure of the global mean sea-level budget.

From: The increasing rate of global mean sea-level rise during 1993–2014

Figure 4

Yearly instantaneous rate of change of the GPS-based adjusted (black dots) and mean unadjusted GMSL (grey stars) and that of the GMSSL, and ocean mass contributions from the GIS, the AIS, the anthropogenic TWS and glaciers, and ocean thermal expansion (each shown in coloured shades, ordered from top to bottom). The blue dots denote the sum of the instantaneous rates of change of each component with its uncertainty estimated as the square root of the sum of the squares of the uncertainty in each instantaneous rate, as shown in previous figures. The time series of the loss of mass from the glaciers and the anthropogenic TWS stops in 2012, and 2009, respectively. Their rates in the years up to 2014 are assumed unchanged and shown in a lighter colour.