Correspondence

Ice-free Arctic at 1.5 °C?

  • Subscribe to Nature Climate Change for full access:

    $59

    Subscribe

Additional access options:

Already a subscriber?  Log in  now or  Register  for online access.

References

  1. 1.

    Adoption of the Paris Agreement FCCC/CP/2015/L.9/Rev.1 (UNFCCC, 2015);

  2. 2.

    IPCC Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis (eds Stocker, T. F. et al.) (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2013).

  3. 3.

    et al. Nat. Geosci. 7, 627–637 (2014).

  4. 4.

    & Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L07502 (2009).

  5. 5.

    , & Nat. Geosci. 2, 341–343 (2009).

  6. 6.

    , , & Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 110, 12571–12576 (2013).

  7. 7.

    et al. Cryosphere 6, 1383–1394 (2012).

  8. 8.

    & J. Geophys. Res. 117, D06104 (2012).

  9. 9.

    & Science 354, 747–750 (2016).

  10. 10.

    et al. Nature 534, 631–639 (2016).

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the climate modelling groups for producing and making available their model output and to the following data providers: National Snow and Ice Data Center (observed sea-ice extent) and Earth System Grid (CMIP5 multi-model ensemble).

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Mathematics, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QE, UK

    • James A. Screen
    •  & Daniel Williamson

Authors

  1. Search for James A. Screen in:

  2. Search for Daniel Williamson in:

Corresponding author

Correspondence to James A. Screen.