Figure 2 : Overview of the main descriptive and assessment methods in industrial ecology.

From: Industrial ecology in integrated assessment models

Figure 2

The methods are mapped to those linkages in the industrial system that IE research has identified as important determinants of sustainable development in society's biophysical basis. The linkages are then mapped to modelling principles adhered to by the different IE models. Both the linkages and the principles form the basis of our review of technology-rich IAMs in this Perspective.