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Improving estimates of Earth's energy imbalance

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Figure 1: Comparison of year-to-year net top-of-the-atmosphere annual energy flux from the CERES Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) Ed2.8 product with an in situ observational estimate of uptake of energy by Earth's climate system.

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Acknowledgements

Argo data are collected and made freely available by the International Argo Programme and the national programs that contribute to it. We also thank the CERES science, algorithm and data management team. G.C.J. and J.M.L. are supported by the Climate Observation Division, Climate Program Office, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), US Department of Commerce and NOAA Research. N.G.L. is supported by the NASA Science Mission Directorate. PMEL Contribution 4461.

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All authors contributed equally to the formulation and revisions of this study. G.C.J. created the figure and drafted the text. J.M.L. calculated the 0–1,800 m ocean heat content anomaly estimates. N.G.L. provided the CERES top-of-the-atmosphere energy flux estimates.

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Correspondence to Gregory C. Johnson.

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Johnson, G., Lyman, J. & Loeb, N. Improving estimates of Earth's energy imbalance. Nature Clim Change 6, 639–640 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3043

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