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A balanced-efforts approach for climate cooperation

Focusing on policies and effort costs rather than emissions may facilitate climate negotiations and improve the chances of reaching a successful agreement. The effort costs of a country comprise investments in low-carbon technologies, in addition to direct mitigation costs.

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I have benefitted from discussions with and/or received very helpful comments from the following people: Scott Barrett, Ottmar Edenhofer, Larry Karp, and Robert Marschinski. I also thank the members of the CREW-project for inspiring discussions. Financial support by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research is gratefully acknowledged (FKZ01LA1121C).

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Correspondence to Robert C. Schmidt.

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Schmidt, R. A balanced-efforts approach for climate cooperation. Nature Clim Change 5, 10–12 (2015).

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