In recent decades, over nine-tenths of Earth's top-of-the-atmosphere energy imbalance has been stored in the ocean, which is rising as it warms. Combining satellite sea-level data with ocean mass data or model results allows insights into ocean warming.
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Johnson, G., Lyman, J. Where's the heat?. Nature Clim Change 4, 956–957 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2409
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