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Stratospheric injection of sulphate aerosols has been advocated as an emergency geoengineering measure to tackle dangerous climate change, or as a stop-gap until atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are reduced. But it may not prove to be the game-changer that some imagine.

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Acknowledgements

The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics and the Global Economic Dynamics and the Biosphere program, both of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, supported the authors' collaboration.

Author information

Affiliations

  1. School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA

    • Scott Barrett
  2. College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QE, UK

    • Timothy M. Lenton
  3. Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, London School of Economics, London WC2A 2AE, UK

    • Antony Millner
    •  & Alessandro Tavoni
  4. Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA

    • Stephen Carpenter
  5. School of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA

    • John M. Anderies
  6. Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, USA

    • F. Stuart Chapin III
  7. Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, SE104 05 Stockholm, Sweden

    • Anne-Sophie Crépin
    •  & Carl Folke
  8. Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA

    • Gretchen Daily
    •  & Paul Ehrlich
  9. Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden

    • Anne-Sophie Crépin
    • , Carl Folke
    •  & Victor Galaz
  10. Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia

    • Terry Hughes
  11. Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden

    • Nils Kautsky
  12. Department of Geography, University of Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

    • Eric F. Lambin
  13. Department of Environmental Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94304, USA

    • Rosamond Naylor
  14. Department of Economics, University of Oslo, 0317 Oslo, Norway

    • Karine Nyborg
  15. Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA

    • Stephen Polasky
  16. Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University, NL-6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands

    • Marten Scheffer
  17. Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA

    • James Wilen
  18. Department of International and European Economic Studies, Athens University of Economics and Business, GR10434 Athens, Greece

    • Anastasios Xepapadeas
  19. Department of Economics, Tilburg University, 5000 LE Tilburg, Netherlands

    • Aart de Zeeuw

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Correspondence to Scott Barrett.

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2278

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