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Arctic shipping and marine invaders

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The emergence of new Arctic trade routes will probably change the global dynamics of invasive species, potentially affecting marine habitats and ecosystem functions, especially in coastal regions.

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Figure 1: Annual transits of the Northern Sea Route (NSR) during the period 2009–2013.
Figure 2: Annual transits of the Panama and Suez canals during the period 2003–2012.

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Acknowledgements

We dedicate this paper to Jim Carlton, who continues to inspire and advance a deeper understanding of the ecology, impact and management of invasions. We thank Mark Minton, Ian Davidson, Oliver Floerl, Richard Everett and Bella Galil for contributing ideas and materials.

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Correspondence to A. Whitman Miller.

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Miller, A., Ruiz, G. Arctic shipping and marine invaders. Nature Clim Change 4, 413–416 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2244

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