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Changing the resilience paradigm

Resilience management goes beyond risk management to address the complexities of large integrated systems and the uncertainty of future threats, especially those associated with climate change.

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Figure 1: A resilience management framework includes risk analysis as a central component.
Figure 2: Schematic representations of changes in critical functionality over time show the interplay of risk and resilience in a system's performance during an adverse event.


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This paper resulted from discussions at a workshop on the use of risk and resilience assessment methodologies in guiding policy development, held at the Embassy of Canada in Berlin, Germany on 4 February 2014. Partial financial support for the workshop was provided by grant W911NF-13-1-0168 to RNC Conseil, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. Additional funding was provided by the German National Academy of Technology and Engineering (Acatech), the Helmholtz Association, the Embassy of Canada and the Society for Risk Analysis. Permission was granted by the USACE Chief of Engineers to publish this material. The views and opinions expressed in this paper are those of the individual authors and not those of the US Army or other sponsor organizations.

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Correspondence to Igor Linkov.

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Linkov, I., Bridges, T., Creutzig, F. et al. Changing the resilience paradigm. Nature Clim Change 4, 407–409 (2014).

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