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Limits to adaptation

An actor-centered, risk-based approach to defining limits to social adaptation provides a useful analytic framing for identifying and anticipating these limits and informing debates over society's responses to climate change.

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Figure 1: Acceptable, tolerable and intolerable risks in relation to adaptation limits.


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The authors would like to thank Mozaharul Alam, Habiba Gitay, Susanne Moser, James Thurlow, and Koko Warner for their constructive comments.

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Correspondence to Kirstin Dow.

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Dow, K., Berkhout, F., Preston, B. et al. Limits to adaptation. Nature Clim Change 3, 305–307 (2013).

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