The historically unprecedented threats to the marine environment posed by increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide will probably require the use of unconventional, non-passive methods to conserve marine ecosystems. Soliciting such approaches and evaluating their cost, safety and effectiveness must be part of a robust ocean conservation and management plan going forward.
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The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Rau, G., McLeod, E. & Hoegh-Guldberg, O. The need for new ocean conservation strategies in a high-carbon dioxide world. Nature Clim Change 2, 720–724 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1555
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