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Climate change-driven species' range shifts filtered by photoperiodism

Nature Climate Change volume 2, pages 239242 (2012) | Download Citation

Abstract

Forecasts of species range shifts as a result of climate change are essential, because invasions by exotic species shape biodiversity and therefore ecosystem functions and services. Ecologists have focused on propagule pressure (for example, the number of individuals and invasion events), the characteristics of an invading species, and its new abiotic and biotic environment to predict the likelihood of range expansion and invasion. Here, we emphasize the role of photoperiodic response on the range expansion of species. Unlike temperature, the latitudinal gradient of seasonal changes in day length is a stable, abiotic environmental factor that does not change with local or global climate. Predicting range expansions across latitudes and the subsequent consequences for native communities requires a more comprehensive understanding of how species use day length to coordinate seasonal growth, reproduction, physiology and synchronization of life cycles with interacting individuals and species.

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Acknowledgements

We thank S. Faeth and I. Saloniemi for invaluable comments on the manuscript and H. Ojanen for preparing the world climate map. This study was funded by the Academy of Finland (project number 137909).

Author information

Affiliations

  1. MTT Agrifood Research Finland, Plant Production Research, FI-31600 Jokioinen, Finland,

    • Kari Saikkonen
    • , Terho Hyvönen
    • , Pedro E. Gundel
    • , Cyd E. Hamilton
    • , Irene Vänninen
    •  & Anne Nissinen
  2. Department of Biology, University of Oulu, PO Box 3000, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland,

    • Kari Taulavuori
  3. IFEVA (CONICET – Agronomy Faculty, Buenos Aires University), Av. San Martin 4453 (C1417DSE) Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina,

    • Pedro E. Gundel
  4. Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turku, Finland

    • Marjo Helander

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Contributions

K.S. led the creation and writing of the paper with inputs from all authors. All authors participated in the literature survey of their expertise (K.S.: climate change, and general ecology and evolution; K.T.: photoperiodism; T.H.: climate change, weeds; P.E.G.: crop species; C.E.H.: crop species; I.V.: pests; A.N.: pests; M.H.: pathogens).

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

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Correspondence to Kari Saikkonen.

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1430

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