Rapid growth in CO2 emissions after the 2008–2009 global financial crisis

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: Global CO2 emissions and carbon intensity.
Figure 2: Historic CO2 emissions from 1990 to 2010 of developed (Annex B) and developing (non-Annex B) countries with emissions allocated to production/territorial (as in the Kyoto Protocol) and the consumption of goods and services (production plus imports minus exports).

References

  1. 1

    Raupach, M. R. et al. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 104, 10288–10293 (2007).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Vuuren, D. & Alfsen, K. Climatic Change 75, 47–57 (2006).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook — Update June (IMF, 2011).

  4. 4

    Bowen, A. & Stern, N. Oxford Rev. Econ. Policy 26, 137–163 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook — September 2011: Slowing Growth, Rising Risks (IMF, 2011).

  6. 6

    Peters, G. P., Minx, J. C., Weber, C. L. & Edenhofer, O. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 108, 8903–8908 (2011).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Davis, S. J. & Caldeira, K. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 107, 5687–5692 (2010).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Friedlingstein, P. et al. Nature Geosci. 3, 811–812 (2010).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Marland, G. J. Ind. Ecol. 12, 136–139 (2008).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Conway, T. & Tans, P. Trends in atmospheric carbon dioxide. http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends (2011).

  11. 11

    Le Quéré, C. et al. Nature Geosci. 2, 831–836 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    Blanford, G. J., Richels, R. G. & Rutherford, T. F. Energ. Econ. 31, S82–S93 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Rogelj, J. et al. Nature 464, 1126–1128 (2010).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    Caldeira, K. & Davis, S. J. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 108, 8533–8534 (2011).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work is a collaborative effort of the Global Carbon Project, a joint project of the Earth System Science Partnership, to provide regular analyses of the main global carbon sources and sinks (http://www.globalcarbonproject.org/carbonbudget/). We thank all people who contributed atmospheric CO2 measurements and model results to this effort. J. Karstensen (Center for International Climate and Environmental Research — Oslo) formatted the figures. T.B. and the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center are supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research. C.L.Q. thanks the UK Natural Environment Research Council and the European Commission for support. J.G.C. and M.R.R. thank the Australian Climate Change Science Program for support.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Glen P. Peters.

Supplementary information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Peters, G., Marland, G., Le Quéré, C. et al. Rapid growth in CO2 emissions after the 2008–2009 global financial crisis. Nature Clim Change 2, 2–4 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1332

Download citation

Further reading