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Rapid growth in CO2 emissions after the 2008–2009 global financial crisis

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Figure 1: Global CO2 emissions and carbon intensity.
Figure 2: Historic CO2 emissions from 1990 to 2010 of developed (Annex B) and developing (non-Annex B) countries with emissions allocated to production/territorial (as in the Kyoto Protocol) and the consumption of goods and services (production plus imports minus exports).


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This work is a collaborative effort of the Global Carbon Project, a joint project of the Earth System Science Partnership, to provide regular analyses of the main global carbon sources and sinks ( We thank all people who contributed atmospheric CO2 measurements and model results to this effort. J. Karstensen (Center for International Climate and Environmental Research — Oslo) formatted the figures. T.B. and the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center are supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research. C.L.Q. thanks the UK Natural Environment Research Council and the European Commission for support. J.G.C. and M.R.R. thank the Australian Climate Change Science Program for support.

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Correspondence to Glen P. Peters.

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Peters, G., Marland, G., Le Quéré, C. et al. Rapid growth in CO2 emissions after the 2008–2009 global financial crisis. Nature Clim Change 2, 2–4 (2012).

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