Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Solar physics

Shining a light on solar impacts

Comparing changes in temperature and solar radiation on centennial timescales can help to constrain the Sun's impact on climate. New findings regarding the minimum activity level of the Sun reveal that comparisons made so far may have been too simplistic.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: Loops in the Sun's magnetic field.



  1. Wenzler, T., Solanki, S. K., Krivova, N. A. & Fröhlich, C. Astron. Astrophys. 460, 583–595 (2006).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Schrijver, C. J., Livingston, W. C., Woods, T. N. & Mewaldt, R. A. Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L06701 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Shapiro, A. I. et al. Astron. Astrophys. 529, A67 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. IPCC Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis (eds Solomon, S. et al.) (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2007).

  5. Gray, L. J. et al. Rev. Geophys. 48, RG4001 (2011).

    Google Scholar 

  6. Krivova, N. A., Solanki, S. K. & Unruh, Y. C. J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 73, 223–234 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Lockwood, M. Proc. R. Soc. A 466, 303–329 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. de Wijn, A. G., Stenflo, J. O., Solanki, S. K. & Tsuneta, S. Space Sci. Rev. 144, 275–315 (2009).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Haigh, J. D., Winning, A. R., Toumi, R. & Harder, J. W. Nature 467, 696–699 (2010).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Woollings, T., Lockwood, M., Masato, G., Bell, C. & Gray, L. Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L20805 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Benestad, R. E. & Schmidt, G. A. J. Geophys. Res. 114, D14101 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Lockwood, M. & Fröhlich, C. Proc. R. Soc. A 463, 2447–2460 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mike Lockwood.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Lockwood, M. Shining a light on solar impacts. Nature Clim Change 1, 98–99 (2011).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing