EU seeks perfect policy mix

The European Union faces the challenge of integrating new measures to achieve energy efficiency with existing climate policies, reports Sonja van Renssen.

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Figure 1: Overlap between EU targets and policies.


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    European Commission Energy Efficiency Plan 2011 COM(2011) 109 final (European Commission, 2011); available via:

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Correspondence to Sonja van Renssen.

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van Renssen, S. EU seeks perfect policy mix. Nature Clim Change 1, 89–90 (2011).

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