Senescence, defined as irreversible cell-cycle arrest, is the main driving force of aging and age-related diseases. Here, we performed high-throughput screening to identify compounds that alleviate senescence and identified the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) inhibitor KU-60019 as an effective agent. To elucidate the mechanism underlying ATM's role in senescence, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen and found that ATM interacted with the vacuolar ATPase V1 subunits ATP6V1E1 and ATP6V1G1. Specifically, ATM decreased E-G dimerization through direct phosphorylation of ATP6V1G1. Attenuation of ATM activity restored the dimerization, thus consequently facilitating assembly of the V1 and V0 domains with concomitant reacidification of the lysosome. In turn, this reacidification induced the functional recovery of the lysosome/autophagy system and was coupled with mitochondrial functional recovery and metabolic reprogramming. Together, our data reveal a new mechanism through which senescence is controlled by the lysosomal–mitochondrial axis, whose function is modulated by the fine-tuning of ATM activity.
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This research was supported by the Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology and the DGIST R&D Program of the Ministry of Science, ICT and Technology of Korea (20160165 to Y.-S.L. and 20160172 to S.C.P.).
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Kang, H., Park, J., Choi, K. et al. Chemical screening identifies ATM as a target for alleviating senescence. Nat Chem Biol 13, 616–623 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/nchembio.2342
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