Multi-electron transfer photochemistry

Caught in the act

The accumulation of multiple redox equivalents is essential in photo-driven catalytic reactions such as solar water splitting. However, direct spectroscopic observation of a twice-oxidized species under diffuse illumination has proved elusive until now.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: Multi-step electron transfer in molecular systems.


  1. 1

    Hammarström, L. Acc. Chem. Res. 48, 840–850 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Chen, H.-Y. & Ardo, S. Nat. Chem. (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Faunce, T. A. et al. Energy Environ. Sci. 6, 1074–1076 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Mann, K. R. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 99, 5525–5526 (1977).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Heyduk, A. F. & Nocera, D. G. Science 293, 1639–1641 (2001).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Moore, G. F. et al. Energy Environ. Sci. 4, 2389–2392 (2011).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Song, W. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 11587–11594 (2013).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Rutherford, A. W. & Moore, T. A. Nature 453, 449 (2008).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Chang, D. W. et al. RSC Adv. 2, 6209–6215 (2012).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Gary F. Moore.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Beiler, A., Moore, G. Caught in the act. Nature Chem 10, 3–4 (2018).

Download citation

Further reading