The laboratory mouse is widely considered the model organism of choice for studying the diseases of humans, with whom they share 99% of their genes. A distinguished history of mouse genetic experimentation has been further advanced by the development of powerful new tools to manipulate the mouse genome. The recent launch of several international initiatives to analyse the function of all mouse genes through mutagenesis, molecular analysis and phenotyping underscores the utility of the mouse for translating the information stored in the human genome into increasingly accurate models of human disease.
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The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Rosenthal, N., Brown, S. The mouse ascending: perspectives for human-disease models. Nat Cell Biol 9, 993–999 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1038/ncb437
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