Patents may not establish clear property and use rights and this may promote biodiversity destruction and decline. What is needed are schemes for patents to suit conservation and sustainable-use objectives.
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For an example of this preference in Australia see Lawson, C. & Pickering, C. Prometheus, 22, 355–377 (2004).
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Lawson, C. The role of patents in biodiversity conservation. Nat Biotechnol 27, 994–995 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt1109-994
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