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Baculovirus as versatile vectors for protein expression in insect and mammalian cells

Nature Biotechnologyvolume 23pages567575 (2005) | Download Citation



Today, many thousands of recombinant proteins, ranging from cytosolic enzymes to membrane-bound proteins, have been successfully produced in baculovirus-infected insect cells. Yet, in addition to its value in producing recombinant proteins in insect cells and larvae, this viral vector system continues to evolve in new and unexpected ways. This is exemplified by the development of engineered insect cell lines to mimic mammalian cell glycosylation of expressed proteins, baculovirus display strategies and the application of the virus as a mammalian-cell gene delivery vector. Novel vector design and cell engineering approaches will serve to further enhance the value of baculovirus technology.

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T.A.K. and J.P.C. thank John Gray, Mike Romanos and John Reardon at GlaxoSmithKline for their continued support and encouragement of the development and application of baculovirus technology. D.L.J. thanks the National Institutes of Health (GM49734) and the National Science Foundation (BES9814157 and BES9818001) for generously supporting baculovirus–insect cell work in his laboratory. The authors appreciate the assistance of James Frye in preparing the figures.

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  1. Gene Expression Protein Biochemistry, GlaxoSmithKline R&D, 5 Moore Drive, Research Triangle Park, 27709, North Carolina, USA

    • Thomas A Kost
    •  & J Patrick Condreay
  2. Department of Molecular Biology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, 82071, Wyoming, USA

    • Donald L Jarvis


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Competing interests

T.A.K. and J.P.C. declare that they have no competing financial interests. D.L.J. declares that technology for modifying protein processing pathways in insect cell lines and certain insect cell lines described in the publication have been licensed to a commercial vendor.

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Correspondence to Thomas A Kost.

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