Applications of Biotechnology to the Production, Recovery and Use of Marine Polysaccharides

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Marine polysaccharides are being increasingly used in coatings, adhesives, feed stocks, substrates, foods, pharmaceuticals and biotechnological separations, as the gene pools of marine bacteria are tapped by recombinant DNA technology to increase polysaccharide yield. Two examples include polysaccharide adhesive viscous exopolymer (PAVE) genes from a novel marine bacterium, LST, and chitobiose genes from Vibrio vulnificus. Polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies are used to identify, fix and purify important marine polysaccharides. Marine sciences merged with new technologies will generate new adhesives, pharmaceuticals, drag reducers and foods from the sea.

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Weiner, R., Colwell, R., Jarman, R. et al. Applications of Biotechnology to the Production, Recovery and Use of Marine Polysaccharides. Nat Biotechnol 3, 899–902 (1985) doi:10.1038/nbt1085-899

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