Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Effecting a comprehensive intellectual property strategy using the Madrid Protocol

Especially for biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies, the Madrid Protocol for international trademark registration marks a new era in trademark protection.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: Estimated USPTO trademark filings by quarter and Madrid Protocol Annual filings, 2000 to 2003.

References

  1. 1

    Landes, W.M. & Posner, R.A. 78 Trademark Rep. 267 (1986).

  2. 2

    Kuhlman, G.A. 11 Berkley Tech. L. J. 311 (1996).

  3. 3

    Ginsburg, J.C., Litman, J. & Kevlin, M.L. Trademark and Unfair Competition Law (Foundation Press, New York, 2001).

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    See http://www.uspto.gov for USPTO serial number 76273640.

  5. 5

    Hamilton, G.W. 4 Tex. Intell. Prop. L. J. 1 (1995).

  6. 6

    Perry, E.L. & McHugh, M.C. Nat. Biotechnol. 20, 627–628 (2002).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    For a description of domestic registration, see http://www.uspto.gov/main/trademarks.htm.

  8. 8

    15 USC § 1051.

  9. 9

    See http://www.gene.com.

  10. 10

    USPTO serial number 73416672.

  11. 11

    USPTO serial number 76425595.

  12. 12

    USPTO serial number 76252353.

  13. 13

    Public Law 107-273 at §13403; 116 Stat. 1921.

  14. 14

    See http://www.wipo.int/madrid/en/general/who.htm.

  15. 15

    See http://www.wipo.int/madrid/en/general/index.htm.

  16. 16

    Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks, 1989, Article 4(2).

  17. 17

    Id. at Article 7.

  18. 18

    Supra reference 15 at Article 6(2).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Simmons, W. Effecting a comprehensive intellectual property strategy using the Madrid Protocol. Nat Biotechnol 22, 603–605 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt0504-603

Download citation

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing