Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • Correspondence
  • Published:

EU court casts new plant breeding techniques into regulatory limbo

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Purnhagen, K.P. et al. Nat. Biotechnol. 36, 573–575 (2018).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. European Union. Opinion of Advocate General Bobek. InfoCuria. (2018).

  3. European Union. Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber). InfoCuria. (2018).

  4. Purnhagen, K. & Rebasti, E. Eur. J. Legal Stud. 1, 13–21 (2007).

    Google Scholar 

  5. Purnhagen, K. & Wesseler, J. in The Coexistence of Genetically Modified, Organic and Conventional Foods (eds. Kalaitzandonakes, N. et al.) 149–165 (Springer, New York, 2016).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  6. Ahloowalia, B.S., Maluszynski, M. & Nichterlein, K. Euphytica 135, 187–204 (2004).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Shirasawa, K., Hirakawa, H., Nunome, T., Tabata, S. & Isobe, S. Plant Biotechnol. J. 14, 51–60 (2016).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. van der Wiel et al. Plant Biotechnol. Rep. 11, 1–8 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Fernandez, O. et al. Metabolomics 12, 158 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Smart, R., Blum, M. & Wesseler, J. Ger. J. Agric. Econ. 64, 244–262 (2015).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kai P Purnhagen.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Purnhagen, K., Kok, E., Kleter, G. et al. EU court casts new plant breeding techniques into regulatory limbo. Nat Biotechnol 36, 799–800 (2018).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing