Supplementary Figure 7: Frequency plots of variants and indels in target sequence | Nature Biotechnology

Supplementary Figure 7: Frequency plots of variants and indels in target sequence

From: A CRISPR–Cas9 gene drive targeting doublesex causes complete population suppression in caged Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes

Supplementary Figure 7

Pooled amplicon sequencing of the target site from 4 generations of the cage experiment (generations 2, 3, 4 and 5) revealed a range of very low frequency indels at the target site (a), none of which showed any sign of positive selection. Insertion, deletion and substitution frequencies per nucleotide position were calculated, as a fraction of all non-drive alleles, from the deep sequencing analysis for both cages. Distribution of insertions and deletions (b) in the amplicon is shown for each cage. Contribution of insertions and deletions arising from different generations is displayed with the frequency in each generation represented by a different colour. Significant change (p<0.01) in the overall indel frequency was observed in the region around the cut-site (dotted area ± 20 bp) for both cages. No significant changes were observed in the substitution frequency (c) around the cut-site (shaded area ± 20 bp) when compared with the rest of the amplicon, confirming that the gene drive did not generate any substitution activity at the target locus and that the laboratory colony is devoid of any standing variation in the form of SNPs within the entire amplicon.

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