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  1. Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

    • Demetrios G. Vavvas
    • , Ankoor Shah
    • , Ula Jurkunas
    • , Roberto Pineda
    • , Vasiliki Poulaki
    • , David G. Hunter
    • , Louis R. Pasquale
    • , Joan W. Miller
    •  & Deborah VanderVeen
  2. Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

    • Demetrios G. Vavvas
    • , Ula Jurkunas
    • , Roberto Pineda
    • , Louis R. Pasquale
    •  & Joan W. Miller
  3. Ocular Pathology Service, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

    • Thaddeus P. Dryja
  4. Albert Florens Storm Eye Institute, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA

    • M. Edward Wilson
  5. Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA

    • Timothy W. Olsen
  6. Department of Ophthalmology, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

    • Ankoor Shah
    • , David G. Hunter
    •  & Deborah VanderVeen
  7. Department of Ophthalmology, Veterans Affairs Hospital, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

    • Vasiliki Poulaki
  8. Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA

    • Sotiria Palioura
  9. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA

    • Peter Veldman
    •  & Kathryn Colby
  10. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

    • Javier Moreno-Montañés
  11. Ophthalmic Research Unit “Santiago Grisolía” and Cellular and Molecular Ophthalmobiology Group at the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

    • Maria D. Pinazo-Duran
  12. Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Clinico Universitario and IOBA (Eye Institute) University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain

    • José Carlos Pastor
  13. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Crete, Crete, Greece

    • Miltiadis Tsilimbaris
  14. Department of Ophthalmology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

    • Douglas Rhee
  15. Institute of Experimental Ophthalmology, Westfalian Wilhelms-University of Münster, Albert-Schweitzer Campus 1, D15, 48149 Münster, Germany

    • Solon Thanos
  16. Department of Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan

    • Taiji Sakamoto
  17. Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA

    • Scott R. Lambert


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D.G.V., T.P.D., M.E.W., T.W.O., L.R.P., J.W.M., D.V. and S.R.L. conceived, wrote and edited the manuscript. A.S., U.J., R.P., V.P., S.P., P.V., J.M.-M., M.D.P.-D., J.C.P., M.T., D.R., K.C., D.G.H., S.T. and T.S. reviewed and edited the manuscript.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Demetrios G. Vavvas or M. Edward Wilson or Timothy W. Olsen or José Carlos Pastor or Louis R. Pasquale or Joan W. Miller or Deborah VanderVeen or Scott R. Lambert.

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