Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


The aerodynamics buzz from mosquitoes


Mosquitoes flap their long, thin wings four times faster than similarly sized insects. Imaging and computational analysis of mosquito flight illuminates some aerodynamic mechanisms not seen before in animal flight. See Letter p.92

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: Mosquito aerodynamics.


  1. See all news & views


  1. Dudley, R. The Biomechanics of Insect Flight: Form, Function, Evolution (Princeton Univ. Press, 2000).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  2. Fry, S. N., Sayaman, R. & Dickinson, M. H. Science 300, 495–498 (2003).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Altshuler, D. L., Dickson, W. B., Vance, J. T., Roberts, S. P. & Dickinson, M. H. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 102, 18213–18218 (2005).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Bomphrey, R. J., Nakata, T., Phillips, N. & Walker, S. M. Nature 544, 92–95 (2017).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Liu, H., Ellington, C. P., Kawachi, C., van den Berg, C. & Willmott, A. P. J. Exp. Biol. 201, 461–477 (1998).

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Sane, S. P. & Dickinson, M. H. J. Exp. Biol. 205, 1087–1096 (2002).

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. van den Berg, C. & Ellington, C. P. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 352, 317–328 (1997).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  8. Hedrick, T. L., Combes, S. A. & Miller, L. A. Can. J. Zool. 93, 925–943 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Chin, D. D. & Lentink, D. J. Exp. Biol. 219, 920–932 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Nakata, T. Liu, H. & Bomphrey, R. J. J. Fluid Mech. 783, 323–343 (2015).

    Article  ADS  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Laura A. Miller.

Related links

Related links

Related links in Nature Research

Bird flight: Fly with a little flap from your friends

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Miller, L. The aerodynamics buzz from mosquitoes. Nature 544, 40–41 (2017).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing