Three studies investigate the bacteria in the guts of malnourished children and find that, when this microbiota is transferred into mice, supplements of certain microbes or sugars from human breast milk can restore normal growth.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution
Open Access articles citing this article.
Maternal and early life exposures and their potential to influence development of the microbiome
Genome Medicine Open Access 11 January 2022
Subscribe to this journal
Receive 51 print issues and online access
$199.00 per year
only $3.90 per issue
Rent or buy this article
Get just this article for as long as you need it
Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout
Dewey, K. G. & Adu-Afarwuah, S. Maternal Child Nutr. 4, 24–85 (2008).
Smith, M. I. et al. Science 339, 548–554 (2013).
Blanton, L. V. et al. Science 351, aad3311 (2016).
Schwarzer, M. et al. Science 351, 854–857 (2016).
Charbonneau, M. R. et al. Cell 164, 859–871 (2016).
Barker, D. J. Br. Med. J. 301, 1111 (1990).
David, L. A. et al. Nature 505, 559–563 (2013).
Ma, J. et al. Nature Commun. 5, 3889 (2014).
Schulz, M. D. et al. Nature 514, 508–512 (2014).
Dewey, K. G. J. Nutr. 131, 1879–1880 (2001).
Related links in Nature Research
Population health: Immaturity in the gut microbial community
Rights and permissions
About this article
Cite this article
Chu, D., Aagaard, K. Eating for trillions. Nature 532, 316–317 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature17887