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Sound and heat revolutions in phononics



The phonon is the physical particle representing mechanical vibration and is responsible for the transmission of everyday sound and heat. Understanding and controlling the phononic properties of materials provides opportunities to thermally insulate buildings, reduce environmental noise, transform waste heat into electricity and develop earthquake protection. Here I review recent progress and the development of new ideas and devices that make use of phononic properties to control both sound and heat. Advances in sonic and thermal diodes, optomechanical crystals, acoustic and thermal cloaking, hypersonic phononic crystals, thermoelectrics, and thermocrystals herald the next technological revolution in phononics.

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Figure 1
Figure 2: Phononic crystals.
Figure 3: Acoustic diodes.
Figure 4: Acoustic cloaking.
Figure 5: Enhancing sound–light interaction.
Figure 6: Thermal diodes.
Figure 7: Thermal metamaterials.
Figure 8: Thermocrystals.


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Maldovan, M. Sound and heat revolutions in phononics. Nature 503, 209–217 (2013).

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