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Assembly of hybrid photonic architectures from nanophotonic constituents

Abstract

The assembly of hybrid nanophotonic devices from different fundamental photonic entities—such as single molecules, nanocrystals, semiconductor quantum dots, nanowires and metal nanoparticles—can yield functionalities that exceed those of the individual subunits. Combining these photonic elements requires nanometre-scale fabrication precision and potentially involves a material diversity that is incompatible with standard nanotechnological processes. Although merging these different systems on a single hybrid platform is at present challenging, it promises improved performance and novel devices. Particularly rapid progress is seen in the combination of plasmonic–dielectric constituents with quantum emitters that can be assembled on demand into fundamental model systems for future optical elements.

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Figure 1: Nanophotonic functional elements.
Figure 6: Basics of CQED.
Figure 7: Basics of surface plasmon polaritons.
Figure 2: Different approaches to assembling nanophotonic elements.
Figure 3: Stepwise AFM nanoassembly of a plasmonic nanoantenna.
Figure 4: Nanoassembled photonic–plasmonic wire structures.
Figure 5: Different systems assembled using scanning probes.

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Acknowledgements

I acknowledge financial supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (BE2224/9, Sfb 951) and the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (KEPHOSI).

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Benson, O. Assembly of hybrid photonic architectures from nanophotonic constituents. Nature 480, 193–199 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10610

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