The tidal disruption of a solar-mass star around a supermassive black hole has been extensively studied analytically1,2 and numerically3. In these events, the star develops into an elongated banana-shaped structure. After completing an eccentric orbit, the bound debris falls into the black hole, forming an accretion disk and emitting radiation4,5,6. The same process may occur on planetary scales if a minor body passes too close to its star. In the Solar System, comets fall directly into our Sun7 or onto planets8. If the star is a compact object, the minor body can become tidally disrupted. Indeed, one of the first mechanisms invoked to produce strong gamma-ray emission involved accretion of comets onto neutron stars in our Galaxy9. Here we report that the peculiarities of the ‘Christmas’ gamma-ray burst (GRB 101225A10) can be explained by a tidal disruption event of a minor body around an isolated Galactic neutron star. This would indicate either that minor bodies can be captured by compact stellar remnants more frequently than occurs in the Solar System or that minor-body formation is relatively easy around millisecond radio pulsars. A peculiar supernova associated with a gamma-ray burst provides an alternative explanation11.
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The authors acknowledge support from ASI and INAF. S. Campana wants to thank A. Possenti and N. Tanvir for conversations, and acknowledges N. Schartel for granting a DDT XMM-Newton observation.
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Campana, S., Lodato, G., D’Avanzo, P. et al. The unusual gamma-ray burst GRB 101225A explained as a minor body falling onto a neutron star. Nature 480, 69–71 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10592
Frontiers of Physics (2013)