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Surface plasmon subwavelength optics

Abstract

Surface plasmons are waves that propagate along the surface of a conductor. By altering the structure of a metal's surface, the properties of surface plasmons—in particular their interaction with light—can be tailored, which offers the potential for developing new types of photonic device. This could lead to miniaturized photonic circuits with length scales that are much smaller than those currently achieved. Surface plasmons are being explored for their potential in subwavelength optics, data storage, light generation, microscopy and bio-photonics.

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Figure 1: An SP waveguide.
Figure 2: SP photonic bandgap.
Figure 3: Surface plasmon Bragg reflector.
Figure 4: Normal incidence transmission for subwavelength holes.
Figure 5: Calculated pattern of light emerging from a single slit surrounded by a finite array of grooves (courtesy of F. J. García-Vidal, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain) and L. Martín-Moreno (Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain).

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Barnes, W., Dereux, A. & Ebbesen, T. Surface plasmon subwavelength optics. Nature 424, 824–830 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01937

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