Reticular synthesis and the design of new materials

Abstract

The long-standing challenge of designing and constructing new crystalline solid-state materials from molecular building blocks is just beginning to be addressed with success. A conceptual approach that requires the use of secondary building units to direct the assembly of ordered frameworks epitomizes this process: we call this approach reticular synthesis. This chemistry has yielded materials designed to have predetermined structures, compositions and properties. In particular, highly porous frameworks held together by strong metal–oxygen–carbon bonds and with exceptionally large surface area and capacity for gas storage have been prepared and their pore metrics systematically varied and functionalized.

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Figure 1: The MOF-5 structure and its topology.
Figure 2: Examples of SBUs from carboxylate MOFs. O, red; N, green; C, black.
Figure 3: The control of dimensionality of linked paddle-wheel units by use of precise linker geometry.
Figure 4: The porosity of MOFs compared to zeolites.
Figure 5: The deconstruction of diamond and lonsdaleite.

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Acknowledgements

O.M.Y. and M.O'K. thank the NSF and the DOE (O.M.Y.) for their support of research in their respective laboratories on the subject of this contribution.

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Yaghi, O., O'Keeffe, M., Ockwig, N. et al. Reticular synthesis and the design of new materials. Nature 423, 705–714 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01650

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