Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) have been shown to induce apoptosis and growth arrest in myeloma cells. However, the molecular mechanisms behind these events are not known. The MYC oncogene is a master regulator of cell growth and protein synthesis and MYC overexpression has been proposed to be associated with the progression of multiple myeloma. Here, we show that BMP-induced apoptosis in myeloma cells is dependent on downregulation of MYC. Moreover, the results suggest that targeting the MYC addiction in multiple myeloma is an efficient way of killing a majority of primary myeloma clones. We also found that myeloma cells harboring immunoglobulin (IG)-MYC translocations evaded BMP-induced apoptosis, suggesting a novel way for myeloma cells to overcome potential tumor suppression by BMPs.
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We are grateful to Berit Fladvad Størdal for excellent technical assistance. We wish to thank the staff at the Department of Hematology, St Olav's University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway and the Norwegian Myeloma Biobank for help obtaining primary myeloma samples. We thank Karin Fahl Wader for valuable help organizing clinical data from patients. We also acknowledge the support provided by the Norwegian Microarray Consortium (NMC), Trondheim, Norway. This work was funded by the Norwegian Cancer Society and the Norwegian Research Council.
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Supplementary Information accompanies the paper on the Leukemia website
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Holien, T., Våtsveen, T., Hella, H. et al. Bone morphogenetic proteins induce apoptosis in multiple myeloma cells by Smad-dependent repression of MYC. Leukemia 26, 1073–1080 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1038/leu.2011.263
- multiple myeloma
- bone morphogenetic protein
- oncogene addiction
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