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BCR–ABL: a multi-faceted promoter of DNA mutation in chronic myelogeneous leukemia

Abstract

The role of the BCR–ABL oncogene in the progression of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) to blast crisis (BC) is unknown. The appearance of chromosomal aberrations in patients with CML BC has led to many attempts to elucidate a mechanism whereby BCR–ABL affects DNA damage and repair. BCR–ABL-expressing cells have been found to accumulate genetic abnormalities, but the mechanism leading to this genomic instability is controversial. In this study, we review the effects of BCR–ABL on DNA repair mechanisms, centrosomes, checkpoint activation and apoptosis. BCR–ABL has diverse effects on these mechanisms, but which of these effects are necessary for the progression of CML to BC is still unresolved.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to thank our colleagues and the anonymous reviewers for helpful discussions. We apologize to colleagues whose work we are not able to discuss because of space limitations.

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Correspondence to M Carroll.

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Burke, B., Carroll, M. BCR–ABL: a multi-faceted promoter of DNA mutation in chronic myelogeneous leukemia. Leukemia 24, 1105–1112 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1038/leu.2010.67

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/leu.2010.67

Keywords

  • chronic myeloid leukemia
  • BCR–ABL
  • DNA damage
  • blast crisis

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