Table 4 Demographics and clinical findings in 15 premature infants with UTI and vesicoureteral reflux

From: Prevalence of upper urinary tract anomalies in hospitalized premature infants with urinary tract infection

Gender EGA/weight Age at infection (days) Bacteria Blood culture US findings Reflux Follow-up
Male 23 weeks /690 g 35 Klebsiella Negative Normal Right grade I Well at 18 months off prophylaxis
Female 26 weeks/810 g 30 Klebsiella Negative Bilateral grade II Left LP grade II CP two infections in 6.5 years
Male 26 weeks/820 g 63 Enterococcus Negative Normal Right grade II Resolved at 22 months
Male 27 weeks/935 g 32 Candida Negative Left grade I Left grade II No infections off prophylaxis 12 months
Male 30 weeks/1579 g 20 E. Coli Negative Normal Right grade II No infections off prophylaxis 2 years
Female 32 weeks/1200 g 45 Klebsiella Negative Normal Bilateral grade II LTFU
Female 34 weeks/2080 g 124 Enterococcus Negative Normal Left grade II No infections off prophylaxis 2 years
Female 40 weeks/2955 g 30 E. Coli Negative Left grade 1 Right grade II Normal US age 6 years
Female 26 weeks/815 g 63 Klebsiella Positive Left grade I Bil. grade III No infections off prophylaxis 5 years
Female 25 weeks/905 g 18 Enterococcus Negative Normal Bil. grade III No infections off prophylaxis 28 months
Male 25 weeks/840 g 63 E. Coli Negative Right grade II, left grade I Bil. grade III LTFU
Female 34 weeks/2945 g 142 Pseudomonas Negative Normal Bil. grade III Resolved at 19 months
Female 37 weeks/2413 g 38 Klebsiella Negative Normal Bilateral grade III LTFU
Female 26 weeks/990 g 36 Enterococcus Negative Right duplication with LP grade II dilation Right lower pole grade IV reflux Grade II at 2 years
Male 34 weeks/2200 g 40 Enterobacter Negative Horseshoe kidney, no dilation Right grade IV, left grade II Resolved at 21 months
  1. Abbreviations: Bil, bilateral; CP, cerebral palsy; EGA, estimated gestational age; LP, lower pole; LTFU, lost to follow-up; US, ultrasound; UTI, urinary tract infection.