Table 3 Distribution of urine and blood culture findings and relationship to ultrasound (US) and voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) findings

From: Prevalence of upper urinary tract anomalies in hospitalized premature infants with urinary tract infection

  Number of infants + Blood culture US normal US abnormal Reflux
Candida 9a 0/8 5 3 1/4
Citrobacter 3 0/3 3 0 0/2
Coag Neg staph 9 3/8 3 6 0/7
E. Coli 25a 2/24 11 13 3/24
Enterobacter 9 0/9 6 3 1/7
Enterococcus 19 0/18 14 5 4/18
Group B Strep 5 0/5 3 2 0/4
Klebsiella 24 2/23 15 9 4/24
Proteus 3 0/3 2 1 0/3
Pseudomonas 4 0/4 3 1 1/4
Serratia 8 0/8 4 4 0/7
  1. Abbreviations: Coag Neg Staph, coagulase negative staphylococcus; Group B Strep, group B Streptococcus.
  2. aUS was not obtained in one patient in this subset. Abnormal US includes echogenic kidneys and those with renal dilation. A VCUG was not obtained in 14 infants with urinary tract infection.