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  • Original Article
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Prevalence of renal anomalies after urinary tract infections in hospitalized infants less than 2 months of age



Our aim was to determine the incidence of anatomical abnormalities after a urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants <2 months of age hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Study Design:

This was a retrospective, single-center cohort study of infants <2 months of age in the NICU with a UTI and documented renal imaging.


We identified 141 infants with UTIs. The mean gestational age and birth weight were 28 weeks and 1254 g, respectively. The most commonly identified pathogen was coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (28%, 44 of 156). A major abnormality was found on at least one imaging study for 4% (5 of 118) of infants. Major abnormalities were noted on 4% (5 of 114) of renal ultrasounds and 2% (2 of 82) of voiding cystourethrography examinations.


Among infants in the NICU <2 months of age at the time of a UTI, the prevalence of major anatomical abnormalities is <5%.

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Dr Benjamin received support from NICHD HD-044799-03. Dr Smith received support from NIH-1K23HD060040-01.

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Correspondence to P B Smith.

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Nowell, L., Moran, C., Smith, P. et al. Prevalence of renal anomalies after urinary tract infections in hospitalized infants less than 2 months of age. J Perinatol 30, 281–285 (2010).

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