Table 2 Results of the randomized crossover study comparing the behavior of preterm infants with or without the use of a nest during diaper change

From: Postural support improves distress and pain during diaper change in preterm infants

  Group 1 N=30 Group 2 N=17    
  Period 1 (with nest) Period 2 (without nest) Period 1 (without nest) Period 2 (with nest) P P P§
HR 152±14 153±12 144±14 155±12 0.14 0.22 0.012
O2 Sat 96±2 96±1 96±2 96±2 0.41 0.72 0.33
Distress score 3.7±3.1 5.0±3.9 5.2±3.2 1.8±1.7 0.07 0.19 <0.0001
Pain score 3.3±3.9 5.8±5.1 5.1±4.7 1.6±2.7 0.56 0.23 <0.0001
  1. Abbreviations: HR, heart rate (beats per minute); O2 Sat, oxygen saturation (%).
  2. Period effect
  3. Period treatment interaction
  4. §Treatment effect
  5. Distress with a score of 0 to 5
  6. Pain with a score of 0 to 8
  7. Data are presented as mean±s.d.