Figure 3

From: Does psychosocial stress cause hypertension? A systematic review of observational studies

Figure 3

Odds ratio (OR) for hypertension by different criteria of the definition of stress: a summary of case–control and cohort studies; studies presenting only the point estimate did not have confidence intervals reported by the authors; the ORs for the studies of Perini et al. and Sparrow et al. were assumed as one, as the authors reported just the absence of a significant association.